From the 1921 Aaland Islands case to the current Chagos Archipelago Advisory Opinion before the International Court of Justice, islands and their peoples have occupied governments, the League of Nations, the United Nations, and international courts and tribunals. Self-determination for islanders remains a live issue in international law, highlighted most significantly by Greenland and its gradual movement towards independence from Denmark. Australia is very familiar with this issue given its history with Papua New Guinea and Nauru and contemporary issues arising from external territories such as Norfolk Island.
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